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Península de Guanahacabibes (Cuba)

Península de Guanahacabibes (Cuba)

Karstic plain of recent geological formation, which houses an extensive area of lagoons and swamps and many caves. It has great diversity and ecosystem richness, with predominance of marine-coastal and tropical dry forest with a variety of plant formations, including semideciduous forests, evergreen, mangroves, xeromorph coastal and subcoastal shrubs, sandy and rocky coast vegetation and anthropic savannas. The marine area protects one of the best-preserved coral reef ecosystems in the country and the most diverse in the Caribbean, with seabed of spectacular beauty. The economy of the region is based on forest harvesting activities, beekeeping, nature and rural tourism and agricultural activity represented by the cultivation of tobacco, viands, vegetables, grains and fruit trees. In the territory there are five rural communities that have the basic infrastructure of services and have access to all economic and social development programs in the country.

Declaration Date: 1987

Country: Cuba

Surface Area: 156,202 ha

Resident population: 1,684 inhabitants

Contact: Lázaro Márquez Llauger

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World Network of Island and Coastal Biosphere Reserves The World Network of Island and Coastal Biosphere Reserves was launched in 2009 by UNESCO MAB Programme to foster sustainable development in islands and coastal areas and to promote adaptation and mitigation strategies on climate change. ABOUT
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